Understanding Addiction

"Almost 21 million Americans have at least one addiction, yet only 10% of them receive treatment. Drug overdose deaths have more than tripled since 1990. From 1999 to 2017, more than 700,000 Americans died from overdosing on a drug."

 

- Recovery Worldwide Jul 15, 2019

What is Opioid Addiction?

Opioids are classified as illicit or prescription drugs primarily used to treat pain.  Over time, the body can develop a tolerance and dependence to opioids, causing the withdrawal symptoms that are associated with addiction. Opioid addiction is a chronic disease characterized by the continued use of opioids despite the adverse consequences of use, as well as the withdrawal symptoms that occur when opioid use stops. Opioid addiction can permanently change brain chemistry over time. 

Addiction can affect anyone regardless of sex, race, or age. Opiate addiction is treatable with the help of the medications Methadone and Buprenorphine as part of a full treatment plan.

Common Opioids Include:

  • Heroin

  • Oxymorphone (Opana)

  • Oxycodone (Percocet, OxyContin)

  • Codeine

  • Hydrocodone (Vicodin)

  • Fentanyl

  • Morphine

Common Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms:

  • Sweating

  • Drug Cravings

  • Nausea

  • Insomnia

  • Muscle aches

  • Tremors

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Rapid heart rate

  • Cold/Hot flashes

  • Vomitting

  • Diarrhea

 

Prevention

Prevention is the best way to keep people from becoming addicted to drugs. One major way to avoid addiction and substance abuse is through early intervention.  If you are aware of the social, biological and environmental risk factors in your life, then you have a higher chance to overcome them.

 

Here are a few tips to help prevent substance abuse:

  • Educate yourself on how substance abuse develops
  • Understand why people use drugs (recreation purposes, abuse of over prescription, self-medication, genetics, family history, etc.)
  • Don’t give into peer pressure, learn to deal with life pressure
  • Guidance and support from families make it easier for people to deal with life pressures and steer clear from drugs
  • Practice healthy habits
  • Seek help for mental illness   

In the event of an overdose, Addiction Treatment Systems has Narcan on site and have staff who have attended overdose prevention training. 

 

For the 24/7 Maryland Crisis Helpline: Call 211, Press 1

 
 

Methadone Clinic, Suboxone Clinic, Outpatient Treatment, Counseling, Drug Rehabilitation, Substance Abuse, Opioid Treatment Program